Step-by-Step Guide: Learn How to Build a Brick Wall Like a Pro

How to Build a Brick wall

Building a brick wall may seem like a challenging task, but with the right materials, tools, and step-by-step guidance, it becomes a manageable project. In this guide, I’ll take you through the process, from preparing the wall to finishing the final row. Let’s get started on creating a sturdy and visually appealing brick wall for your space.


Before embarking on the steps, let’s gather the essential materials and tools required for your brick wall project.


  1. Bricks:

    Opt for high-quality bricks with dimensions of 9.2 x 5.7 x 19.3 cm. Account for 1.5 – 2 cm space between bricks for mortor or adhesive.

    Tip: Purchase more bricks than anticipated to cover potential “shrinkage” due to breakage.

  2. Mortar Mix:

    Choose a mortar mix suitable for your project. Ready-made adhesives, like powdered mortar, can be purchased and mixed on-site, eliminating the need for manual sand and cement mixing.

  3. Foundation Material:

    Typically, use gravel and sand for the foundation. Concrete or cement is required, even if you purchase mortar in bags.

  4. Wall Ties:

    Essential for securing the wall structure.

  5. Damp Proof Course (DPC):

    Prevent moisture rising through the wall.

  6. Waterproofing Sealant:

    Enhance the wall’s resistance to water.


  1. Trowel:

    For applying and shaping mortar.

  2. Spirit Level:

    Ensure your wall is level and plumb.

  3. Brick Jointer:

    Used for finishing joints between bricks.

  4. Masonry Saw:

    Cut bricks for a precise fit.

Additional Details:

Brick Size and Spacing: The standard brick size is 9.2 x 5.7 x 19.3 cm. Account for 1.5 – 2 cm spacing for mortar or adhesive. Purchase extra bricks to accommodate potential breakage.

Mortar Mixing: Ready-made adhesives, such as powdered mortar, can be mixed on-site with water using a paddle mixer, providing convenience over manual mixing with sand and cement.

Foundation Preparation: Aside from mortar, concrete or cement is necessary for the wall’s foundation. Ensure a sturdy base for your brick wall project.

Additional Tools:

  1. Rope and Clamps or Nails: Create guide ropes for accuracy.
  2. Bucket: Essential for mortar mixing.
  3. Electric Mixer: For a perfect and effortless mix.
  4. Hammer: General use for construction tasks.
  5. Measuring Tape: Precision in measurements is crucial.
  6. Canvas, Plastic, or Plywood: Place at the base to avoid staining the floor with mortar.
  7. Small Torpedo Level: Check bricks individually for accuracy.
  8. Level (Approximately 120 cm): Ensure the overall straightness of the wall.
  9. Shovel: Assist in foundation and mixing tasks.

    Now that we have all the necessary materials and tools, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of building your brick wall.

How to Build a Brick Wall Step by Step

Now, let’s break down the process into manageable steps:

1. Preparing the Wall:

  • Check the Foundation: Ensure the foundation is level and free of debris.
  • Install DPC: Lay the damp proof course along the foundation to prevent rising damp.
  • Mark the Layout: Use a chalk line to mark the layout of the wall.

2. Building the First Row:

  • Mix Mortar: Follow the instructions to prepare the mortar mix.
  • Apply Mortar: Spread a layer of mortar along the foundation where the first row will sit.
  • Lay Bricks: Place the first row of bricks on the mortar, using a spirit level to check for evenness.
  • Wall Ties: Insert wall ties to connect the bricks to the structure behind.

3. Building Additional Rows:

  • Continue Layering: Apply mortar and lay additional rows, checking for levelness as you go.
  • Brick Bond Pattern: Choose a brick bond pattern (e.g., stretcher bond) and follow it consistently.
  • Use String Lines: For a straight and aligned wall, use string lines as guides.

4. Finishing the Wall:

  • Complete the Rows: Continue building until you reach the desired height.
  • Pointing: Once the mortar is set but not fully cured, use a brick jointer to smooth and finish the joints.
  • Clean Excess Mortar: Wipe off any excess mortar while it’s still wet.

    Building a brick wall is a rewarding project that adds both functionality and aesthetic appeal to your space. Remember to take your time, follow each step diligently, and enjoy the process of creating something lasting and beautiful. If you encounter challenges, don’t hesitate to seek advice from professionals or local experts in construction.

    Happy building!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top